HANDICRAFT

Handicraft is about processing materials by hand with hand tools. The results can be useful items or decorative items. The materials used in the products can be natural, industrially processed or even recycled. The models of the products can be traditional, revised traditional or modern. The products can be the fruit of the craftsman’s own imagination, follow the wishes of a commissioner or be designed by a professional designer but produced by a craftsman. Some craft activities have given way to industrial processing, some are old, but there are also new handicraft activities and new applications, e.g. glass work on cars. Each geographical area has its own handicraft history and culture. Handicraft products can also renew traditions. Craftspeople, also called artisans, possess technical knowledge of materials and work methods. They are skilled workers whose profession is based on manual skills. Their main tools are the know-how of work methods and their manual skills. Handicraft contains a lot of tacit knowledge which grows each year, alongside with skills. The guild and apprentice system has been widely used to transfer skills and tacit knowledge
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